Anxiety is a normal response to stress and danger, but when it becomes excessive, it can interfere with a person's daily life. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorders in the United States, affecting millions of people each year.
Symptoms of anxiety can include:
- Excessive worry or fear about everyday situations or events
- Restlessness or feeling on edge
- Difficulty concentrating or sleeping
- Muscle tension or physical symptoms such as sweating, trembling, or rapid heartbeat
- Panic attacks, which can involve sudden and intense feelings of fear or discomfort
Anxiety disorders can be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Stressful life events, chronic stress, and trauma can all contribute to the development of anxiety disorders.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a common type of therapy used in the treatment of anxiety. CBT focuses on changing negative thought patterns and behaviors that contribute to anxiety. During therapy sessions, the individual may learn relaxation techniques, identify and challenge negative thoughts, and develop coping strategies for managing anxiety.